The Mahabharata - In a Nutshell


There are three great characters in the Mahabharata. All the other characters are just by-products of these three characters. Duryodhana, Arjuna, and Krishna are these three main and great characters. To me, Duryodhana represents the Unconscious. He is a metaphor for the Unconscious. Arjuna represents the Conscious. He is a metaphor for the Conscious. And Krishna represents the Supreme Conscious. He is a metaphor for the Supreme Conscious. He is representing the Supreme Consciousness. When the ray of the Supreme Consciousness passes through the prism of the mind, the prism of the mind manifests the Supreme Consciousness, as the Consciousness and the Unconsciousness. 

To make things simple, let us understand this by way of an example. Let us suppose that the Unconsciousness is like darkness and the Consciousness is like the light. And the one that joins these two and still remains beyond is called the Supreme Consciousness. According to the psychologists the Unconsciousness is far far bigger than the Consciousness. The Consciousness is like a small candle light. And these two, the Consciousness and the Unconsciousness (the light and darkness in our example) are joined in a very mysterious way. Even though the darkness is very huge, no matter how big is its periphery and circumference, a small candle of light can disperse this darkness. And when the light goes off, the darkness comes back again. It appears as if there was no light ever. And we have to discover the light again from the very beginning. Therefore, darkness can be defined as the absence of light. And the light can be defined as the absence of darkness. When the light is present the darkness is absent. And they can never be present together. They can never go to the school together. Sometimes they behave as friends and sometimes they behave as enemies. 

And probably, this is the reason that in the Rig Veda the first verse is on the praise of the Agni (the fire God). The fire is eulogised as a big form of God. The outer world was dark and gloomy and there was only a light of the celestial bodies. The light was not portable. It was not near, it was far away in the heavens. And some how the ancients have worked very hard to get this light in the form of Agni closer to the human world and not only that they have even made it portable. The outside world which was dark has now been illumined by this fire. It is true that it was a big form of God. Because after the discovery of Agni or fire many problems of the world which was in darkness have been greatly solved. And after Thomas Edison, who discovered the present day light, the Rig Veda has to be rewritten again, and the second verse should begin with eulogising this present day light. The present day light is nothing less than another big form of God. This is how the fire has travelled from basic fire to advanced light. A new industry came into existence after the discovery of fire. And a far bigger industrial revolution of the west has also come into existence after the discovery of the light. Nobody knows what light is in reality, but we have some loose definitions on light here and there. Light is a natural agent that stimulates our sight and makes things visible to us. This is only one of the definitions. Why am I saying like this? I am saying this because this could be true only when it comes to the physical world. And it is not true when it comes to the metaphysical world. When the sun light falls on an object, the object becomes visible. And when this light moves into our eyes and when the light of our eyes falls on an object before us, the object becomes visible to us. And the same is not true when it comes to the metaphysical world. The metaphysical world always remains invisible. When we observe the quantum world with the help of the light of our eyes, the quantum world remains invisible. And hence it remains mysterious. And we do not have much idea of the phenomenon happening there. And we can not say anything with absolute certainty. And we can only say in terms of probabilities and possibilities. Werner Heisenberg was at loss to know why the electrons are behaving like this in the quantum world. And later on he discovered that the electrons change their behaviour when the light of our eyes falls on them. Are the electrons conscious? The answer is, we don’t know. Because, if we say that the electrons are conscious then the very definition of consciousness also undergoes a change. And then there can not be anything like living things and nonliving things in the existence. All our definitions are loose. All our definitions are on the surface. All our definitions are on the outer. All our definitions are on the periphery and on the circumference. All our definitions are relative. And all our definitions die at the center of the whole thing.

According to science the light is a particle of energy that behaves as a particle and a wave. It has a dual behaviour and hence the latin word quantum to describe the same. And according to science nothing travels faster than light. As of now Albert Einstein has the last laugh. He said nothing travels faster than light. And it still remains undisputed. And this light, which is so powerful, also dies at the heart of a black hole. We have no idea really what happens at the center of a black hole. The gravity is so high that the light can not escape and can not return back. And hence it can not give us any information. This is the story of the outer light. This is the story of the objective light and the objective world. The only yardstick to measure the events of the objective world is the equation of the theory of relativity of Albert Einstein. And this equation also dies at the center of the black hole. And as of now we are not able to go beyond the black holes. It is as if the whole of physics has approached a dead-end. Michio Kaku is a brilliant theoretical scientist. He is also a string theorist. He tries to import the equation of the theory of relativity of Albert Einstein and applies it to the black hole. And when he solves the equation for the center of a black hole, he gets a series of zeroes and infinities. And the whole result appears to be meaningless. And he thinks that there is something terribly wrong with the equation of the theory of relativity of Albert Einstein. And this equation is not helping in taking us beyond the black holes. And the quantum equations are also not helping us in taking beyond the quantum world. And it seems that we have arrived at some kind of a dead-end in the physical world and the quantum world. 

Is the light really objective? Is light really an object? Well, this could only be a half truth. The mystics have also been talking of an inner light. It seems the reality behaves even in a more mysterious way. It seems there is an outer light and also an inner light. It seems there is another higher duality of the inner light and outer light. All the scriptures, and all the Vedas and Upanishads have talked about the five senses. And it was only Krishna who talked about the sixth sense. We see and perceive the whole physical world only through our five senses. It appears to us that all our five senses (five karmendriyas and five jnanendriyas) are peeping out of the body. They are gathering information of the outside world while we are interacting with the outside world. Let us just look at one sense organ. Let us look at our eyes. They look like a lens. They are convexed out. The eyes are curving out and bulging out. And here the other half of the organ is missing. The inner and the concave part is missing. 

I do a small experiment with my management students. I divide the whole team into two teams. And I show only the convex side of the lens to one team and only the concave side of the lens to the other team. And this I do with them separately. And then I ask them jointly as to what they have seen. They tell their perceptions. The perceptions of the two teams are different. And their perspectives are diagonally opposite. They do not meet and they oppose each other. The two teams do not agree and they disagree. Are they true in their perceptions? To each team their own perception is like a reality. To team A, the reality of team B is like a perception. And to team B, the reality of team A is like a perception. And both the teams are absolutely right because they have seen half of the reality. Now reverse the experiment with both the teams. Now show them the other half of the lens which was kept hidden from them in the first part of the experiment. Now both the teams have seen the other half also. Now you ask them jointly as to what have they seen. They simply laugh. Now there are no two perceptions. Now there is no duality. Now there are no two different perspectives. There is only one single reality to all of them. And there is no opposition. There is no conflict. There is no dispute. This is how the individuals and various teams in an organization can be aligned towards the common goal and objective of the organization. And all this part of the vision of the organization. 

This is how Krishna says that there is a point of convergence. There is a common center to all the five senses. All these five senses meet and merge at a common point. And this common point is like the center of a circle. And all these five senses are emerging from there and moving out to the periphery of our being and taking us into the outer world. All these five senses interact with the outside world and create various perceptions. They give us various ideas. They create various notions. They make various concepts. And out of all these, perceptions, ideas, concepts, and thoughts a mind is created. The mind is like a huge database. It is like a big software. It stores and retrieves information and experiences. There is text, images, symbols, audios and videos. There can not be a far bigger software than the human mind. There can not be a far bigger computer than the human mind. We fear because there is a past experience of an accident or a death. In the past life or lives may be a snake might have bitten. I might had a fatal accident. A tiger might have eaten me. A king might have beheaded me. And all this information is there in the database. And all this past experience comes to me as an instinct in the present body. And this whole past comes to me as an instinct and becomes part of my DNA of the present body. And may in the future the biologists and neurobiologists will be able to figure this out. There are yogic methods to retrieve this information. And there is no point in all this. This is not of much help. The nature in its own wisdom does not allow us to know about our past. All our past is just a memory. Just think, what will happen to my biology and psychology if I come to know that my wife in my past life was my sister. And we have all the memory from the point of a Big Bang to till date. And this memory becomes active and passive. The more it becomes passive, it moves away from the active mind and we do not remember anything. And it is not in the interest of our innate wisdom to remember the past. It is of no use. The wisdom of the nature in all its ways is trying to bring us closer to the present. And the mind moves us into the past and the future like a pendulum clock. The pendulum clock nicely represents the mind. The mind can not stay in the present. And hence the biggest joys of life remain away from us. We are always living either in the past or in the future. We are either living in the memories or in the imaginations. And both these are of no much help. Because both these keep the present away from us. And only the present is blissful. If the past is responsible for the present, then with the same analogy the present will also be responsible for the future. Therefore, there is no point in brooding over the past and it is better to work with the present consciously. If the past is zero and infinity is the future, then here and here is the present. And if minus infinity is the past and plus infinity is the future, then zero is the present. This is how Shunya has a different meaning in the scriptures. It is symbolic of the present. And it is not a mathematical notation for zero. 

In our above example, we can also represent the past as the Unconsciousness, the present as the Consciousness, and the future as the Supreme Consciousness. The present can evolve into the Supreme Consciousness only when we act with the Consciousness. We can also represent it this way. If the past is ignorance, then the future is knowledge and the present is wisdom. The ignorance is of the past. The knowledge is of the future. And the wisdom is of the present. This is like the time value of money. The money in the past has no value compared to the money in the present. And the money in the present has no value compared to the money in the future. The knowledge of the past has no value compared to the knowledge of the present. And the knowledge of the present has no value compared to the knowledge of the future. And it is only the wisdom which is not in time. It is not part of the past tense or the future tense. It just belongs to the pure present. It belongs to the timeless. And hence it is priceless. And wisdom has no utility except this. It is non-utilitarian. The ignorance is of an utility. The ignorant can be deceived. The ignorant can learn if he wishes to. The one who is knowledgeable can deceive the ignorant. The one who is knowledgeable can impart the knowledge to one who is willing to learn. All these possibilities are there. The wisdom is something that brings all this in the ever present. The wisdom is something that allows us to use the knowledge in the best way possible. It allows us to use the knowledge in the present in the best way possible. And it also allows us to create knowledge for the future. And this way wisdom makes the learning endless. The learning never stops. There is nothing like a goal. There is no dead-end on the path of knowledge and wisdom. And we have no other option but to evolve continuously with knowledge and wisdom. The wisdom makes knowledge as something dynamic. No matter we do what, the knowledge can never come closer to the wisdom. They can never meet. They can work co-jointly. The knowledge is part of the mind. And the wisdom is part of no-mind. The knowledge is part of the time and the wisdom is part of the timeless. We can only use our mind mindfully. This is the only possibility. If the mind becomes a subset of the no-mind, the journey becomes a joy. And if the no-mind becomes a subset of the mind, the journey becomes a dead-end. The mind then becomes a monkey. And the mind becomes a zombie. And the evolution can not move further. And it appears that Charles Darwin is right and it seems that we have evolved from the monkeys and are not able to go beyond and we have arrived at a dead-end. (8)Krishna says that there is a possibility of a convergence of the senses. There is a possibility of a confluence of these senses. There is a possibility of a unity. There is a possibility of a singularity. There is a possibility of a unification. And this path is inner. That is, the one that takes us to the center of our being. The one that takes us closer to our inner objects. And these inner objects are our thoughts and emotions. The world of the mind and the heart is something different. The thoughts are very small objects. The mind takes note of these thought objects. And the emotions are further smaller than the thoughts. The world of the heart is full of emotions. The heart makes note of these emotions. And the same emotions manifest in the mind as thoughts, and the same thoughts manifest through the body as actions. Emotions, thoughts and actions are not three different things. They are three different manifestations of the same thing. The thoughts look like particles. And the emotions look like waves. And the silence at the depth of the being looks like a field. The thoughts and emotions are interacting with this field in a similar way the bosons as particles are interacting with a boson field. The thoughts and emotions that interact fast are lighter because they gain less mass, and those which are lazy and interact slowly are very heavy because they gain more mass. The negative emotions and negative thoughts are very heavy. The positive emotions and positive thoughts are very light. They are massless. They appear as if they have no weight. And that is why we feel better when we are in a state of positive emotions and positive thoughts. The positive emotions and positive thoughts are very closer to the field of silence. And they can dissolve in no time in the field of silence. The grace of the silence is so much that they can not escape. And they have no other option but to get dissolved. This is how gravity behaves from large objects to small objects. This is how gravity moves from the objects to subject. In the world of the objects there is gravity and in the world of the subject there is only grace. The thoughts can not escape and just die out there. They just get dissolved there. The field of silence is like that of a black hole. The chattering mind simply becomes a silent mind. It becomes composed. It becomes centered. And this gives the experience of unification, singularity and oneness. The journey of the mind is over. It gives the experience of satisfaction and fulfillment. And the only thing that is left now is the Supreme Consciousness. It is in this state of oneness, unification and singularity the Supreme Consciousness is termed as Ekam, Advitium. The emotions, thoughts and actions have some forms. The silence is formless. It has no form. And in this state of silence we experience the one which is beyond the form and the formless. The Supreme Consciousness is that which is beyond all forms and the formless. It is transcendental.

When the light of knowledge is brought in the darkness of the mind of ignorance, the darkness of ignorance disperses and the mind is illuminated with the light of knowledge. When we bring in the light of the consciousness to the darkness of the unconsciousness, the same is transformed and is capable of experiencing the Supreme Consciousness. 

The mind moves from all the perceptions of these bodies - the sleeping body, the dreaming body, the drugged body, the waking body and the awakened body. And at the level of an individual there are various perceptions of the consciousness. And these are: waking consciousness, sleeping consciousness (dreaming consciousness and dreamless consciousness), drugged consciousness, and awakened consciousness. And this consciousness functions at these four levels - individual, collective, cosmic and the Nirvanic. There is an individual consciousness and unconsciousness, collective consciousness and unconsciousness, cosmic consciousness and cosmic unconsciousness, and at the level of the Nirvanic there is only one and that is the Supreme Consciousness. 

These are the three main characters in the Mahabharata. Duryodhana is born to a man, Dhritarashtra, who is not only blind physically but he is also blind intellectually and spiritually. He runs the kingdom like a blindman. And his son Duryodhana, though had physical eyes, is blind intellectually and spiritually. He is not ready to seek, know and transform. He is rather ready to seek more power. He is power hungry. And when the power is not used wisely it destroys everything. The knowledge is power. And wisdom knows how to use the power. The wisdom is higher than knowledge. The knowledge is the subset of wisdom. A bad politician is a person who wants to seek only power and not wisdom. He is the one who uses power without the help of wisdom. A bad politician is in no way interested in the wisdom. He is interested only in power. He becomes power hungry. And the power without wisdom is blind. And the knowledge without wisdom is lame and blind. And, therefore, the destruction is imminent. Arjuna is a person of an open mind. He is a seeker of wisdom. And hence he is wavering. He is lacking wisdom and he is not lacking knowledge. He has all the knowledge of the war. He had fought and won many battles in his life. He does not lack knowledge. He has open eyes. And he has not yet seen the invisible. And he is open to see the reality. Duryodhana on the other hand is not willing to learn anything. He thinks he knows. And life becomes a dead-end for him. And such person can not evolve. The one who thinks he knows can not evolve. He arrives at a dead-end. Krishna has both knowledge and wisdom. He too has immense power. And he knows how to use the power. He has a clarity. And he has the vision. And he has the experience of the invisible. He knows the very source of knowledge and wisdom. He knows the source of the power. And hence he can not misuse the power. He can only use the power for the welfare and well-being of the humanity. These three main characters have immense power. Duryodhana, Arjuna, and Krishna, they all have power and knowledge. They only differ on the scale of their wisdom. Duryodhana is blind, Arjuna is open with the mind and the eyes. He is seeking. He is struggling. He is efforting. He is trying. And hence it appears that he is in trouble. Duryodhana and others see that he is in a great trouble. This is the problem of a person who is continuously learning. And since he is learning and evolving continuously he can not conclude on anything. He can not put a full stop. He move from one exclamation to another. He moves from one mystery to another. Krishna is the one who has transcended. He has surrendered. He has knowledge and wisdom and a third thing, the infinite possibility of the Supreme Consciousness. And even in this state he is continuously evolving. And when it comes to the enemy, war, defeat and victory he is open with infinite possibilities. He is ready to look into all perspectives possible and in spite of doing everything with his knowledge and wisdom he is utterly susceptible to leave the outcome on the divine. This is his hope and aspiration. And he is ready to face whatever that comes to him out of all this. And this he calls an absolute surrender. He calls the actions that emanate out of this understanding as Nishkam Karma. And he names the path that emerges out of these actions as Nishkam Karma Yoga. Nishkam means desireless of the outcome or result. Karma means doing or action. Yoga means an union. It means an unification. It means oneness. It means an experience of singularity. It means an union with the divine. Nishkam Karma Yoga is an understanding that the actions are in our hand but the result of these actions are not in our hand. We can do the best that we can with the hope that a best result will come out of the same. We can put our best foot forward. And then leave it to the divine to take care of it. And yet be ready to face the outcome. Be ready to learn and improve. And then keep on evolving continuously. 

The Bhagavad Geeta begins with the first verse like this: 

Sanskrit Verse: 

Dhritarashtra Uvacha: Dharmakshetre Kurukshetre Samaveta Yuyutsavah. Mamakah Pandavaschaiva Kimakurvata Sanjaya. (Chapter 1, Verse 1) 

Words: Dhritarashtra - King Dhritarashtra; Uvacha - Said; Dharmakshetre - Place of Dharma, Place of Worship; Kurukshetre - Place of the Kurus, Place of the Kuru Dynasty; Samavetah - Assembled; Yuyutsavah - Desiring to Fight; Mamakah - My Sons, My Party, My Camp; Pandavah - The Sons of Pandu, the other camp; Ca - And; Eva - Certainly; Kim - What; Akurvata - Did they do; Sanjaya - The Sanjaya, the one who is witnessing all the happenings of the war. 

English Translation: 

Dhritarashtra said: O Sanjaya, after my sons and the sons of Pandu assembled in the place of pilgrimage at Kurukṣetra, desiring to fight, what did they do? (Chapter 1, Verse 1) 

This is how the blind man divides the whole thing into mine and yours. Every division leads to conflict and chaos. The outcome of every division is destruction. And the war is imminent. And there are only two outcomes in a war, defeat to one and victory to the other. And Dharmakshetra becomes the Kurukshetra. Kshetra means a place. Kshetra means a field. And Dharma means something that can neither be divided nor can be united. It means something that remains indivisible. The one which can only be known and discovered. It is already there. It is something like a law that keeps the whole existence as one unity. The other meaning of Dharma means our innate nature. It means the nature of the nature. It means the nature of the existence, that it is whole and indivisible. And we all are subset of this existence. We are called individuals. And hence we too are indivisible. This too is our nature. Therefore, we have to be very careful of a bad politician who is trying to divide our consciousness. And then there are other meanings of Dharma. It can mean a law. It can mean a principle. It can mean a duty. It can mean a responsibility towards a greater objective. Kuru means the Kuru Dynasty. So the place now belongs to the people of Kuru Dynasty. And these people are now divided. They have different goals and objectives. They have different visions. They are all self-centered. And all these divisions eventually lead to two big camps opposing each other. This is what happened before the war of Mahabharata. The Kurus are divided into two camps called the Kauravas and Pandavas. When the Kurukshetra was the Dharmakshetra, it was the place of a pilgrimage. It was in the distant past. But now it is no more the place of a pilgrimage. It is now turned into the place of a war. The same is the case with any great war. The same thing happened during the World War I and World War II. The world was divided into two big camps - the allied powers and the axis powers. There will always be a small camp called the neutral powers. And they will sooner or later jump into these two main camps. So, Dhritarashtra is asking Sanjaya as to what has happened. Sanjay is just a witness. He is a pure witness of the ongoings of the war. He is just like a present day television reporter. And we all know the outcome of the war. The Pandavas won and the Kauravas lost the war. 

The last verse of the Bhagavad Geeta ends with the following verse: 

Sanskrit Verse: 

Yatra Yogeshwarah Krashno yatra partho dhanurdharah. Tatra shrirvijayo bhuturdhruva nitirmatirmam. Words: Yatra - Where; Yogeswarah - Master of Yoga; Krishna - The person Krishna and a friend of Arjuna; Parthah - Son of Pratha; Dhanurdharah - The carrier of the bow and the arrows; Tatra - There; Shri - Opulence; Vijayah - Victory; Bhutih - Exceptional Power; Dhruva - Certain; Nitih - Morality, Principles; Matih - My; Mama - An Opinion. 

English Translation: 

Wherever there is Krishna, the master of Yoga, and wherever there is Arjuna, the architect of an action, there will also certainly be opulence, victory, extraordinary power, and morality. That is my opinion. (Chapter 18, Verse 78) 

This is what Sanjaya is saying in the end. And just see the beauty. He is saying that it is just his opinion. He is not concluding anything. He has witnessed everything with his own eyes. He has seen himself. And still he is keeping everything open ended. To me, Arjuna is a metaphor for all actions. He is a symbol for all actions. He is an architect of execution. He is a master executor. His firm belief is in first thing first. And the first thing is the action. His focus is on the action and not on the perfection of an action. And he is continuously perfecting his actions through Krishna. Krishna is a metaphor for a meditative action. He is a symbol for a meditative action. Only action is of no use. And only meditation is also of no use. And meditation is not different from an action. And meditation does not also mean an inaction. Karma means an action. Akarma means an inaction. Karma means doing. Akarma means non-doing. And there is a third thing called the Vikarma. Vikarma means being. It means happening. Vikarma means something that unites Karma and Akarma, and still goes beyond. Vikarma is something that goes beyond doing and non-doing. It is part of the happening and being. It is already there. We can not undo it. We can only discover it. We can only know it. And we can just be it. And all our actions after that just become meditative actions. Doing (Karma) and Non-Doing (Akarma), these two are in our hand. Vikarma, the one which is beyond both, the one which is happening, is not in our hand. Things are happening whether we do something or we do not do something. The world is continuously moving irrespective of our actions or inactions. I do something and there is a consequence. And I decide not to do something and still there is some consequence. There is a consequence of my doing and there is still a consequence of my non-doing. There are three ways in which we can unite ourselves with our actions. One way is the Karma Yoga. It means being one with doing. It means being one with the actions. In management parlance they say that execution is the key. The first and foremost thing is doing. The second thing is Jnana Yoga. This means the knowledge of the action. This means being one with the knowledge of the actn. Doing is one thing. Execution is one thing. And the knowledge of the doing or the knowledge of the action is another thing. And is also the most important thing. I can not do things blindly. I can only do them wisely. I can not do things unsystematically. I can not do things unscientifically. And the third thing is Dhyana or Bhakti. This means a devotion to that doing or action. This means a commitment to that action. This means being mindful of the action. This means being one with the devotion to that action. Since I am responsible for the consequences of my actions (doing or non-doing) I can not be mindless in doing or non-doing them. And once I have done or not done, I can not unwind them. They have happened. The moment something is done or not done, the third thing automatically comes in action and that is the happening. The happening is not in our hands. Only doing and not doing is in our hands. And we can only learn from the consequences or results of the doing or non-doing. And hence I have to be mindful of my doing and non-doing. Krishna, therefore, is a metaphor for the perfection of an action. He is not a doer. The doer has died in him long back. And hence his actions are called a Lela (a play). Arjuna is, therefore, perfecting all his actions through Krishna. He wants Krishna as his charioteer. He wants Krishna as his adviser. He has his utmost faith in Krishna. Krishna stands for Enlightened Consciousness. 

Therefore, these six things are most important. Karma, Akarma, and Vikarma are the first three things. Karma means doing. Akarma means non-doing. And Vikarma means the happening. These are the first three things that are applicable to anybody or anything. The other three things are: Karma Yoga, Jnana Yoga, Bhakti Yoga. Karma Yoga means being one with the actions. You and your actions are not separable. They are inseparable. You can not undo them. You can not unwind them. You can not postpone them. You can not prolong them. You can not procrastinate them. It appears as if you are the action. You and your actions are not separate. The second is the Jnana Yoga. This means being one with the knowledge of the action. I can not throw a stone blindly anywhere. It can hit anybody. It can harm anybody. And I am responsible for the consequences of my action. And hence the Jnana or knowledge of the action becomes very important. You, your action, and your knowledge of that action have become together. These three elements (You, your action and your knowledge of that action) have become one. Earlier there were only two elements - you and your actions. And now there is a third thing. The knowledge of your action is a third thing. Now all these three elements have to become one. You, your actions, and the knowledge of your actions are inseparable. And now comes the fourth thing. This is called the Bhakti Yoga. This means being one with the devotion of that action. This means the commitment to the action. This means the perseverance of the action. This means the persuasion of the action. This means being mindful of the actions. This is the fourth element. Dhyana or Mindfulness is the fourth. Dhyana or Mindfulness brings a kind of unity in the first three elements. And eventually all these four become one. You, your actions, the knowledge of your actions (why you are doing what you are doing, and what happens while you are doing or not doing) and being mindful, being conscious, being aware of all this. Dhyana, Mindfulness, Consciousness, Awareness bring a kind of unity in these three things - you, your actions, and the knowledge of your actions. Therefore, the fourth thing (Dhyana, Mindfulness, Consciousness, Awareness) acts as a catalyst. And in awareness all the three elements will be in focus. These three things - you, your actions, and the knowledge of your actions, will be in the forefront, and the fourth thing, your witnessing self, will be in the back-end and is in awareness of everything continuously. In every organization the back-end and the front-end have to be designed very carefully and cautiously. In most of the organizations these two are in conflict and they are continuously fighting with each other. And the only people who are continuously suffering from this conflict are the internal customers and the external customers. In this way and in this process the actions become pure and divine. The doing becomes divine. And the journey becomes a joy. And the destiny becomes a destination. 

Duryodhana is a symbol for an unconscious action. He represents a blind action. He represents a devilish desire of an action. He represents an impure action. He is a symbol for an imperfect action. Arjuna is a symbol for a conscious action. He is a symbol for a perfecting action. He is continuously perfecting his actions. He is continuously evolving under the directions of Krishna. And Krishna is a symbol for an action that is emerging from the experience of the Supreme Consciousness. He is a symbol for a perfection in an action. He stands for an Enlightened Action. There is a result of all these actions. And the result is not in our hands. And what is there in our hands is the type of the action and the quality of the action. This is what we can choose. This is what we can chase. And this is what we can change. And the rest all is in the hands of the divine.

A Mathematical Expression of Enlightened Leadership


I was just wondering if Enlightened Leadership can really be expressed by way of a mathematical expression. An object is a subset of a subject. There is no reason why it can not be expressed. There has to be a way to express it mathematically. The whole objective reality can be expressed mathematically. I really do not find a problem anywhere. 

There are two dimensions to the existence. One is a horizontal dimension that exists in time. The whole of history, Itihasas, and the Puranas are part of it. And all these are full of symbolic and non-symbolic expressions. The other is a vertical dimension which does not exist in time. No matter we do what, this can never be expressed in terms of mathematics. This can be expressed only by way of metaphors. The Vedas and Upanishads are expressions of this timeless dimension. 

It is utterly wrong to say that the door of the divine does not exist for a person who thinks in terms of mathematics. No, existence does not behave it that way. There has to be a door to each person in the existence. Each person has his own way to the divine. Therefore, a mathematical person should also have his own way. Krishna talks of Karma Yoga, Jnana Yoga, and Bhakti Yoga in the Bhagavad Geeta. In the same way there has to be a way to the divine for the lovers of mathematics. 

Numbers to Nirvana, there must be a way. Pythagoras, in ancient Greece, reaches to that goal through mathematics. Aryabhatta 2, in ancient India, reaches to that goal through mathematics. There has to be a way. 

The modern science has reached to a very interesting stage today. In the classical physics, a physicist and a mathematician were needed to explain the reality. And today, as we have entered into a quantum world and trying to peep beyond a new thing has emerged. The physicist and the mathematician have found their own different ways to explain the reality. They are saying that they can explain the reality in their own unique individual ways. And there is no need to explain the reality by them jointly. Today they think that each one can say the reality separately and independently.

Keeping this aspect in mind, I am trying to give a mathematical expression to Enlightened Leadership. The formula for the same can be given in the following way: 


Enlightened Leadership is a function of two components {f(E, L)}, Enlightenment and Leadership. Enlightenment is a domain of Enlightened Consciousness. It is a domain of higher consciousness and higher awareness. It starts in time ends in no time. It is on a vertical plane. It moves on the vertical dimension. The second component is that of Leadership. It is part of an outward action. It is being part of the outer world. It is participating in the world of actions. It works on the horizontal plane. It belongs to the horizontal dimension. And, therefore, it is part of the history, Itihasa, and Purana. This belongs to the world of time. And we all know that the history has taken note of many great leaders. And there is always a possibility of a great leadership in time. 

It appears to us that all that has happened in the history has happened in time. And there is some proof to this. And all that has not happened in time appears that it is part of the world of mythology and myth. It appears to us that it has not happened actually. And there is no proof to prove that.

This function of Enlightened Leadership, {f(E,L)}, has the limitations of time from zero (0) to infinity (∞). All our actions should move from the time to the timeless. The time is both objective and subjective. It is not absolute, as it was being thought by Newton. After Albert Einstein the time is relative. It is objective and subjective. When we are happy the same time appears passing off very quickly. And when we are sad the same time appears not passing off very quickly. It gives us the experience of a relative perspective. And this time is not objective and it is rather subjective.

The Enlightened Leadership is for the Now. It is not of the Then. It is in the moment. It is part of the present. It is here and now. It is not there and then. If zero is for the past, then infinity is for the future. And the truth or reality is in the present. It is in the moment. It is now. If the past is responsible for the present, then with the same analogy the present will also be responsible for the future. And when the future arrives, it truly arrives as the present. We can just refer to the past as a reference, and bring all our actions to the present, and make the future as a by-product of the present. Enlightened Leadership has to work in the Now to be more effective and sustainable. 

In the ancient knowledge of the East there were two terms - Shunya and Ananta. And these were not objective. They were subjective. And mathematics was not yet born. These two concepts were like the present concepts of mathematics, that is, zero and infinity. In mathematics, the credit for creating zero number (smallest positive number possible) goes to the East. Aryabhatta 2 struggled very hard to bring this number and notation in mathematics. Though we had this concept called Ananta, we were not able to introduce a mathematical notation or number for a big number. And the credit for this goes to the West. It was John Wallis who first used the notation for infinity. This is how the world of mathematics has come within these two concepts zero and infinity. In mathematics zero stands for the smallest positive number and infinity stands for the largest positive number. And in between these two lies the world of mathematics and numbers. The initial terms that we used in the scriptures - Shunya and Ananta, did not mean zero and infinity in mathematical terms. They simply meant something so small that we can not even think of and something so big that we can not even think of. They were part of the timeless dimension. They were part of the no-mind state. They were part of the transcendental. And they both meant the same thing. And Enlightenment could be possible in both the ways. The concept of Shunya was for the people who were introvert by nature. And the concept of Ananta was for the people who were extrovert by nature. The introvert expresses the truth in an absolute way of the “No”. And an extrovert expresses the truth in an absolute way of the “Yes”. And let me tell you that they both are right in their own way and the only thing is that their expressions are different. Let us take an example. Buddha expresses the ultimate truth in the way of an absolute non-existence. His emphasis is on the “No”. And Krishna expresses the ultimate truth in the way of an absolute existence. And his emphasis is on the “Yes”. In their expressions there is an experience of unification and oneness. There is no duality. There is absolute singularity. And all their expressions are that of Ekam, Advitium. All components of the existence are part of the Supreme Consciousness. They all have emerged from it, and they all eventually merge and become one with it. And Enlightened Consciousness is an experience of this oneness.

“Yoga can’t be Copyrighted”, rules the US Court. Is Yoga a Copyright or a Birthright? A Guru can’t be a Copy-Cat !!


The ancient yoga is known as Ashtanga Yoga. Yoga can not be Hot or Cold. Yoga is warm. It makes you warm. It makes you a warm person. It brings in a quality. Only extremists go from one extreme to the other. A Tyagi is a masochist. He starves the body. He contorts the body. And a Bhogi is a sadist. He indulges with the body. He harms the body through indulgence. Yogis stay in the middle. Yogis stay centered. Yogis stay composed. Yogis stay united. You can not create Yoga. No, this is not possible. You can only be a Yogi. This is the only possibility. This is the only reality. Yoga can not be this or that. It can not be this yoga or that yoga. Vikram Yoga or Betal Yoga. Hot Yoga or Cold Yoga. Love Yoga or Laya Yoga. Power Yoga or Prayer Yoga. All these can be just names. A name is okay. We all have different names. All Yogis have different names. All different flowers in a garden have different names. All these flowers know only one thing inherently, and that is the art of flowering. The same is true with a Yogi. He knows the art of being one with the divine. He starts with the Body and culminates in Being. All these names can not have a different significance. Every Yogi may have a different name but he has to only teach the secrets of Ashtanga Yoga. No matter you do what, if you are not a true yogi, you can only be counted among the monkeys - only jumping from one posture to another. 

Yoga essentially means an union with the divine. This is where Ashtanga Yoga has a significance. It is a method and a process that moves all our energies hidden in the body through the eight different limbs or parts or stages or steps. Yoga is everybody’s birthright and it can not be anybody’s copyright. Through the process of Ashtanga Yoga it moves an individual being to a cosmic being.

An individual being is like a drop and the cosmic being is like an ocean. And when the drop merges and becomes one with the ocean, what remains behind is only the ocean. This is that merger. This is that union. This is that singularity. And this gives the experience of oneness. The individual is not separate from the divine. The drop is not separate from the ocean. An electron is not separate from an atom. The atom is not separate from the cosmos. A string is not separate from the Supreme Consciousness. The existence is not separate from the non-existence. Something is not separate from Nothing. It has emerged from it. Everything is interconnected and unbounded. It is only the prism of the mind that creates this division and separation. It is only the perception of the mind that gives rise to this duality. The Supreme Consciousness is non-dual. It is Ekam, Advitium. It is non-dual. It does not mean a numeric one. The moment we bring in a numeric one, there is then a possibility for two, three, etc. And this can go on and on to infinity. Ekam, Advitium simply means now it is non-dual. Now, there is no scope for any duality. We can neither make it or break it. Yoga is, therefore, an existential experience of this union. 

What is the significance of Ashtanga Yoga? The significance of Ashtanga Yoga is that it divides the whole journey of this union into eight limbs or parts or stages or steps. The whole process of the body is divided into eight stages. And these eight Angas are - Yama, Niyama, Asana, Pranayama, Pratyahara, Dharana, Dhyana, and Samadhi. Samadhi is the end of the journey. Now you are convinced of the union. It is not that your teacher has convinced you of the union. No, it is your own existential experience which is the test of the union. Nothing succeeds like success, they say. Right? Otherwise success just sucks!!


What does a blacksmith does when he has to bend an iron rod? He heats it up. When it becomes red and hot, it becomes easy for him to bend it in a form he wants. The same is done by a goldsmith with the raw gold when he has to make gold ornaments. So, heating a room of Yoga to some degrees sweats out the body and brings in some more flexibility. Except this there is no other value. This is okay with bending and twisting the bodies. What about bending the mind? What about bending various perceptions and conceptions of the mind? How will you bend various individual Dharanas? Heating up of the environment is of no help. And Yoga is a holistic science. It is for the whole being and not just for the body. It definitely begins with the body. There is no doubt about this. And body is only a beginning. We have to begin with the Body and evolve into the Being. Yoga is a method to move from a posture to a composure. Ashtanga Yoga is a method to move from Yama to Samayama.

Art of Surfing on the Thought Waves of the Ocean of the Mind


An ocean is really a unique phenomenon. You may approach the ocean from any side and the other side is not visible. We can only see the horizon. From whichever side you approach, the other side is visible only as a horizon. This is the uniqueness of the ocean. The only option we then have is to jump in or dive in. This is the only option. And then anything can happen. One can get drowned or swim through or float in the ocean. This is the probability. These are the possibilities. In an uncertainty there are many possibilities.

Have you seen the surfers in an ocean? The surfers are very extraordinary people. They have the knack of surfing on the waves of the ocean. They play with the waves. They never get drowned. They always float and surf over the waves. This is the art they master over the years.

The mind is also like an ocean. And the thoughts are like the waves in that ocean. And meditation is more like the art of surfing on these waves of thoughts. When the thought waves are negative there is lot of turbulence in the ocean. The ocean of the mind becomes chaotic. The meditator requires more energy. And the throughput is less. He has to work hard. He has to struggle more. The challenges are more. The ocean of the mind is more windy. And when the thought waves are positive the meditator is not required to work hard. The ocean of the mind is less turbulent and less chaotic. And surfing on these positive thought waves requires less energies. The secret is the same. It is doing more with less. The energy required is less and the throughput is more. We can do more with positive thought waves. And we do less with negative thought waves. And we can do even more when the ocean of the mind is silent. A silent mind is a blissful mind, and it can do even more. In a silent ocean of the mind the waves of thoughts have disappeared. The thought waves have become one with the ocean. The ocean of the mind has attained to stillness and tranquility. There is absolutely no turbulence in the ocean. The throughput and the work done by the blissful mind is even far greater. These are the three situations - negative mind, positive mind, and blissful mind.

It is said by the psychologists and neurologists that the normal human beings use only 7% of their mind. A person like Albert Einstein uses some 13% of his mind. And a person like Buddha uses 100% of the mind. The key is who is the master and who is the servant, and who uses whom. The mind uses you or you use the mind. The surfer uses the surfing board. The surfing board does not use the surfer. And this is the key to surf on the waves of the ocean. Meditation is more like surfing in the ocean. The surfing board is like a meditation tool. This allows us to surf on the thought waves in all the three situations. When we use the mind, we become the Master. And when the mind uses us, the mind becomes the Master. Buddha is only a Master of his own mind. He is a great surfer in the ocean of his own mind. He has the Mastery to share the secrets of this surfing on the thought waves of the ocean of one’s own mind.

The thought waves in the mind create three dimensions of the mind. A thought is like an object in the space of a mind. And this thought object has three dimensions. When the thought objects move in the past, it is one dimension. It is the dimension of memory. It has already happened. The past has already happened. It is only available as a reference. At the most we can have a reference and can draw an inference for the present and the future. This dimension is called the Rajas. In the same way the thought waves can also move into the future. This is the dimension of imagination. This is the second dimension. This dimension is called the Rajas. This is a dimension of imagination. We can imagine anything. There are no limits to our imagination. And all imagination is in the future. This future has yet not happened. It is yet to happen. Rajasa is the length of the thought object, and Tamas is the width of the thought object. If Rajas is X-Axis then Tamas is Y-Axis. Tamas can also mean inertia. It can also mean backward action. It can also mean a negative action. It can mean a reactive action. It can mean a response. Rajas means motion. It can also mean an acceleration. It can mean looking into the future. It can mean a forward action. It can mean a positive action. It can mean a proactive action. If Tamas is inaction then Rajas is action. If Tamas is inertia then Rajas means motion. If Tamas is motion then Rajas means acceleration. This is how these two dimensions have to be understood. There is also a third dimension of this thought object. It is the height and depth of the thought object. It is on the Z-Axis. It is always in the middle of the two. No matter where the two dimensions are, the third dimension is exactly in the middle. This is the symmetry. It is always in the center of the two. If the Tamas and Rajas are on the circumference of the circle then Satva is the center of that circle. Satva is like a golden mean of the two. This third dimension is called the Satva. This is the third dimension of the thought object. If Tamas means inaction and Rajas means action then Satva means stillness. It is an equilibrium or a balance of both. If Tams means motion and Rajas means acceleration then Satva means dynamic equilibrium. If Tams means past and Rajas means future, then Satva means the present. If Tamas means Non-Doing and Rajas means Doing then Satva means Being. If Tamas and Rajas are becoming then Satva is being. These three dimensions of the thought object create a mind universe. The fourth dimension is the space and time of the mind universe. Therefore, the mind universe is a space-time object of thoughts. When the thoughts move in the past, in the memory then the mind moves in the past. And the mind moves in the state of the Tamas. And when the thoughts move in the future, in the imagination then the mind moves in the future. And the mind moves in the state of the Rajas. And when the thoughts move in the present the mind attains to stillness and tranquility. In the present the mind attains to the state of stillness and tranquility. And this how the mind moves in the state of Satva. And all these three dimensions of the thought object give the mind all the perspectives of time. According to Albert Einstein the space and time are relative. They are there only in relation to each other. They are not absolute. None is absolute, neither space nor time. A moving object is time. A moving time is space. If there is no object, then there is no space and no time. This is the state of nothingness. There are no thought objects in nothingness. There is no matter of the mind in nothingness. The mind is there because of the matter of thought objects. In nothingness there is timelessness or eternity. In a state of Dukkha (in a state of trauma or unhappiness) the time does not pass quickly. It appears that the time passes slowly. And in a state of Sukha (in a state of pleasure or happiness) the time passes quickly. It appears that the time passes very fast. In a state of Tamas the time passes very slowly. In a state of Rajas the same times passes very quickly. And in a state of Satva the same time becomes eternity. It appears as if there is no time. And we desire more and more such times or moments. And such time is available only in the present. The present gives us the experience of timelessness. It is such a blissful state. And we all are eagerly awaiting for such states. And such states give us a feeling of transcending our minds. It appears as if we have been transported into a new world which has no borders. We enter into a space which is unbounded. This is the state of a Being. This is that blissful state. It requires very less energy to do more. It requires almost no energy to do more. And in this state we always do more with less. Less ego and more Energy. Less Energy and more Enlightenment. Less money and more business. Less input and more output. Less work and more productivity. Less capital and more enterprising. These are the applications of this art. The art of meditation and mindfulness has lot of applications. This is really a wonderful art. All doing becomes a play. It becomes a leela. There is no doer and there is no doing, and there is only a pure being. And this is not a memory, and this is not an imagination. This is real. This is experiential. And this is existential.

In the Hindu Mythology, Brahma is depicted with four heads. Brahma represents the whole creation. And his four heads represent the four dimensions of the creation. Brahma represents a four-dimensional universe. Brahma also means our mind universe. The mind has to be ever expanding and ever evolving. Our mind universe has to continuously evolve to transform and transcend.

In the physical world of matter, the matter and energy are inter-convertible. Matter can be converted into energy and energy can be converted into matter. And one form of energy can be converted into another form of energy. And this is experimental and physical. The energy can be measured and quantified. And Albert Einstein’s theory of objective reality (E equals MC Square, E = MC^2) is of immense help. But at the center of a black hole this theory dies and it gives us no clue as to what may be happening in a black hole. Michio Kaku is a great scientists. He is also a string theorist. He tries to apply the above equation of Albert Einstein to a black hole. And when he solves the equation, he gets a series of zeros and infinities. And he thinks that there is a fundamental flaw in Albert Einstein’s theory of objective reality.

The existence is not only an object but also a subject. There are many objects and also a subject. The object and subject are separated by the mind. The prism of the mind divides the object and the subject. The object and the subject are not two different things. Therefore, in existence there is a objective reality and a subjective reality. There is an objective relativity and a subjective relativity. The mind universe is made of thought objects. And only a subjective theory of relativity can help to transform and transcend this mind universe.

In a subjective theory of relativity the Thought Energy and Consciousness are also inter-convertible. And Consciousness is neither a matter nor an energy. And hence it can not be measured and quantified. It is not experimental. It is experiential and existential. And I am giving an equation of the subjective theory of relativity. And this equation is represented by C equals EM Square, C=EM^2. Where C means Consciousness, E means Thought Energy, and M means a constant of Meditation or Mindfulness. The art of Meditation or Mindfulness has the power to transform the Thought Energy into Consciousness. And this is not a memory. This is not an imagination. This is not experimental. This is experiential. This is existential. This is not in the past. This is not in the future. This is in the present. And this is just now. It is here and now.   

‘Book Review’ of a Book Called “Valmiki Ramayana”


We all know that the epic Ramayana was written by Valmiki. Almost everybody agrees that the credit for the first version of this epic goes to him. He was considered as one of the foremost writers and poets. He was not a writer from birth. He also did not belong to a family of writers. In fact he was a highway robber and killer and his real name was Ratnakar. His profession was to rob and kill people and earn his livelihood. He was taking care of himself and his family out of the earnings of robbery and killing.

One day a strange thing happened in his life. He came across sage Narada and wanted to rob him and kill him. Narada said that it is okay with him but Ratnakar must answer few questions before he could kill him. Narada tells him, “all this that you are doing amounts to bad actions and bad karma. And it has its own consequences. It is true that you are taking care of your family by the earnings of all this bad karma but how confident you are that your family members also equally share the consequences of your bad actions and bad karmas.” To this Ratnakar says, “yes. I am absolutely sure and certain that they all equally share my actions and the consequences of my actions. He affirms that his family is an equal partner to all his actions.” Narada does not agree to this and tells Ratnakar to go and ask his family and take a word from them. He goes to his family and asks them. They all deny and resent sharing the consequences of all his actions. He feels disgusted and disdained on hearing all this from his family and comes back and shares the whole thing with Narada. Now he had no other option but to repent for all this. He requests Narada to show him a way. Narada gives him a Mantra. Mantra is a method or a tool that transforms our mind and consciousness. Mantra is a Sanskrit word and is made of two words - Man and Tra. Man means the mind and Tra means to transform and transcend. Narada tells him to chant the word “Rama”. Ratnakar was uneducated and he could not even pronounce the word properly and he pronounces it as “Mara”. Since he was a robber and a killer the only word he could pronounce so well was “Mara”. It can also mean to beat or kill. The alphabets in “Mara” and “Rama” are the same but their meanings are totally different. Narada was a perfect sage. He knew the secret. He tells him to chant and repeat this word “Mara”. You will be surprised to know that when you repeat the word “Mara” for long it will get pronounced as “Rama”. If you don’t believe me, please just try yourself.

He followed this Mantra and eventually transformed himself. It is same like how a raw gold is transformed into a 24 carat gold. It is same like how a seed is transforms into a flower and a fruit. It is same like how a caterpillar is transformed into a fluttering beautiful butterfly. The method and process of transformation is same. And then he became a renowned poet and a writer. And later on he was counted among the sages. He writes the epic Ramayana and becomes the first person to write the first version of the great book. Later on after him, many versions of Ramayana have arrived from many other writers.

This is the value of education. The willingness to learn should come from within. This is very important. And through this process even a robber may transform into a sage. A father may send his son or daughter to Harvard or Oxford and if he or she has no willingness to learn then this learning and education is of no use. On the other hand, Ravana was a great king and a great scholar. He had knowledge of all the scriptures. He also had great boons from the Gods. And just see what happened eventually. He remained a Rakshasa (a demon). Anything can happen in life. Life is really a great mystery. The emotions, thoughts and actions are very powerful people. And what is really important is in which direction they are moving. The direction determines the destiny and destination.

You will be surprised to know the meaning of the word Valmiki. It is a Sanskrit word made of two words - Val and Miki. Val means an ant and Miki means a hill. Valmiki, therefore, means an anthill. It is said that he studied and did penance for months and years and he had no idea as to what was happening around him. Well the story says that an anthill grew around him. This was his devotion towards learning, education, knowledge and wisdom. This is how eventually Ratnakar, a highway robber came to be known as Valmiki, a great writer, poet and a sage.

He then wanted to show this epic Ramayana to Narada. His wish was that Narada should review his first book. He meets and requests Narada to read and review his work. Narada says to Valmiki, “I have seen your work and indeed it is a great work. And I am not a right person to judge your work. I heard that Hanuman also had written a Ramayana. And I heard that his work is that of a genius. I suggest you meet him and show your work to him. And let him review your work.”

Valmiki visits Hanuman with his epic Ramayana. Hanuman shows his Ramayana to Valmiki. Valmiki sees the work very patiently. It was written on the palm-leaves. Valmiki is surprised to see the work of Hanuman. There was no comparison really. The work of Hanuman was really far greater than that of Valmiki’s. Valmiki says to Hanuman, “your work is so great that after reading your epic Ramayana nobody will read mine. Everybody will then remember you only and nobody will remember me and my work.” Seeing this behaviour of Valmiki, Hanuman picks up all the palm-leaves of his Ramayana and chews all the leaves and gulps them. This is how he destroys the first version of the epic Ramayana and tells Valmiki to go ahead with his work and not to worry any more. And while departing Valmiki wanted to know the secret of Hanuman’s great work. Hanuman says to Valmiki, “I have written the Ramayana so that people would know Rama and his deeds, and remember him, emulate him and imbibe him. Whereas you have written your Ramayana so that people will remember you forever as a great writer. This is the only difference. And if you wish you can call it a secret. And that is your word and I have nothing to do with it. And what is most important to me is my devotion towards Rama. You please do not worry. You go ahead with your work. I assure you that the whole world will admire your work and your epic will be considered by the world as a first version.”

This was really a great insight and a great learning to Valmiki. He thanked Hanuman for all this and parted his way.

This is the difference between a disciple and a devotee. Between a disciple and God there is a Guru who is standing in between. And the disciple has to cross the barrier. And between a devotee and God there is nobody standing in between. The devotee and God are almost closer to each other, the dividing line is very thin and it can get dissolved in any moment.

I think this is the reason why the scriptures are divided into Smritis and Srutis. Smritis are the work of remembering. They are not very authentic. They could be the collections of the disciples from the sayings of their Masters. Only the Master knows what he means by what he says. The disciple could say this only as part of his intellectual understanding. The Smritis mention the name of their authors. The Srutis on the other hand are revealed scriptures. They are directly coming from the Masters. They are more authentic and existential. They are not part of the memory. And the Srutis do not mention the name of their authors. They remain anonymous. Almost all of the Upanishads do not mention their authors. Generally, all great works - paintings, sculptures, and scriptures, do not give the name of their creators. These greatest ones are always known as anonymous. Is this the same reason why God is called the true creator? I think for the same reason God also remains anonymous. And we are ever searching for God within and without.

Ah, Didi, You Did It !!


At last you did it Didi. The nation is proud of this. Every Indian has the right to know everything about Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose. After all the freedom movement belongs to Bapuji and Netaji and many others. The people of this nation are proud of these heros. Since my childhood like many others I was very curious to know all about Netaji but somehow the truth was hidden from the public by the vested interests. Nobody can hide the truth for very long. The intrinsic nature of truth is to surface and become public. Nobody can make it private and classified. It is like an volcanic eruption. It is slowly gathering momentum and waiting for a right moment to erupt. It is better not to put a lid over these things. Just imagine how many time bombs of seeking information and truth on many issues may be lying with the governments all over the world. Please remember that there is an expiry date to all these. And one fine day they will all erupt. It is the people who make the nation. And these people choose their leaders to safeguard the interest of the nation. And few bad leaders instead of safeguarding this interest they create a trust deficit. Let us take the Political Leadership and Social Leadership of this country and the world to the next level.

We always say that the parliament or an assembly is like a temple. The consciousness and conscience of the assembly and parliament is sacred and pure. But this is not true always. The parliament or an assembly is a fictitious entity. It is not a human being and hence can not have a soul. And hence there is no question of a conscience and consciousness. The spirit of the parliament or an assembly or any body or organization for that matter depends on the spirit of their members. Everything depends on the spirit of the individual and collective members. Therefore, the individual and collective consciousness of the members is of utmost importance. And sadly the statistics talk of a very sad state of affairs. According to the latest statistics around 31% of the assembly members and parliament members have criminal records. And the trend is increasing. In a true democracy the collective conscience and consciousness of the people should prevail. And the people of the nation should continuously strive and struggle to bring down this percentage. And this is possible only while they are choosing their representatives and leaders. They should think 100 times before choosing a representative or a leader who has a dubious and criminal background. They should banish the leaders whose reputation is soaked in corruption and criminal records.


Now what does the declassification of all these 64 files on Netaji mean to the nation? It only means that we all will come to know some more truth on Netaji, though after 70 long years. The family members of Netaji will also come to know some more truth on Netaji for the first time. This is very sad. The family members have also been kept far away from the truth. These 64 files is only a partial truth. There are still many files with the central government. The word “Government” is a misnomer. How can you govern the people who elect you as their representatives and leaders? Any government has to be a servant of the people. This is a sheer common sense. We have to come out with a different name. Let the people of the nation ponder over this. The second and the most important thing is that the people will be able to know for the first time the real heroes and real villains of the freedom movement. With all these secret files being open in the public domain, some old freedom movement heroes may turn out to be villains and some who may be perceived as villains will be known as heroes. Nobody can hide the truth. This is not in the nature of things. The nature of nature is to reveal the truth. “Seek, and ye shall find”, says Jesus Christ. “Tamasoma Jyotirgamaya (Move from Untruth to Truth)”, say the Upanishads. Oh people, let the truth prevail.

How to apply the Principles of Trnity in a Business Organization?


In the earlier post we have seen the Principles of Trinity. Please read the earlier post carefully to understand better the application of the same principles to a Business Organization or any organization for that matter. An organization is a collective entity to attain the goals and objectives of the organization. There are many individuals, many teams, many departments and many functions. And to work in a sync and harmony to attain the organizational goals and objectives is a far greater challenge. Every organization serves the society with some products, services, or solutions. And the whole organization strives to serve and delight their customers with their products, services, or solutions. Every organization can attain their goals only by delighting their customers. And this is possible only when their products are competitive and world class. And all this can be done in a much better manner if the Principles of Trinity are applied in the whole organization very diligently.

The first principle of Trinity is creation. It is the beginning. You plan to create products. You plan to create an organization. You plan to make a project. You plan recruit people. You plan to seek and create capital to run the business. This is the beginning. This is how the cosmic organization has come into existence. Brahma created this cosmic organization. And then he handed over this to Vishnu for sustenance and to Shiva for transformation. Creative destruction is also a part of transformation. And every organization on the planet earth is just a sub-set of this Cosmic Organization. Let us understand the principle by an example. A Product Manager may be able to create a product but he may not be capable of sustaining it. You may need a Marketing Manager to market and sell the product to make it competitive and sustainable. He surveys the market. He finds a customer and creates a market. The product price and quality are the two most important ingredients to find a right customer. And he has to scale this up in all possible dimensions to make the product profitable. And after doing all this over a long period of time there comes a point when this product can not sustain and hence has to be either destroyed or transformed. A new product may also come into existence. And this can not be done by these two guys and shall have to be done by a R&D Manager. He is the only person who has a right competency to either rejuvenate the same product or come out with a new brilliant product. The whole world of business is a creation and innovation of new products. This is just a simple example to demonstrate the concept. The concept has an application in virtually everything in the existence. Every Manager, Department Head, Functional Manager, General Manager, CEO, CFO, CPO, COO, CIO, Director, and Managing Director should have a mastery in understanding the Principles of Trinity.

These are the three emotions in every human being. One can be very brilliant in creating an idea. Another can be very brilliant in putting that idea into an action. And another can be very brilliant in transforming that idea when it is not working any longer. One can strive and grow to be of a right blend of all these three.

I would like to share with you some insights. In India there was one science called Jyotishi Shastra (Science of Astrology). Today it is just a roadside skill to see your future. The roadside astrologer sees your hands and foretells your future just for few rupees. He may even use a parrot in the whole process of foretelling. And all this just for mundane survival. He can not see his own future but thinks that he is competent to see the future of others. It is no more a science today. The word Jyotisha is a Sanskrit word and is made of two words Jyoti and Isha. Jyoti means a Small Light and Isha means a Big Light. Jyoti means an Individual Self and Isha means a Supreme Self. The root word of Ishvara (Divinity) is Isha. It can also mean a growth curve of small to big, ignorance to knowledge, Unconsciousness to Supreme Consciousness, and Finite to the Infinite. It is basically a science to see the potentiality of every individual on this transformation. Let us say if the Big Bang has happened it was sort of a Big Light. And then it was broken into billions of smaller lights - black holes, galaxies, solar systems, planets, plants, birds, animals and human beings. The human being is also a reflection of this Supreme Light. He is a small light. And he can transform himself into this Supreme Light. The Jyotishi Shastra was a science to help transform an individual from an Individual Self to a Supreme Self.

And this science was going into the whole DNA of the human being. It was trying to see how these three emotions or vibrations or energies are vibrating in the being of an individual. The vibration of one emotion can give rise to another higher emotion. One vibration of thought can give rise to another higher vibration of thought. One vibration of an idea can give rise to another vibration of a higher idea. And one state of the mind can move into a higher state of the mind. Every individual has to look into the vibration of his own energies to know the potential of his evolution. And one has to evolve continuously. One of the biggest insights of the Principle of Trinity is that there is a beginning but there is no ending. You can not win the game. You can not quit the game. You can only joyously participate in the game. Please do not be a gamer otherwise you will only ruin your life.

Let us see the applications of this principle in a business environment. There is a person by the name Ray Kurzweil. He is a technologist. He is an inventor. He is a futurist. And he holds some 18+ PhDs. His ability is to foretell how the technology is reshaping the world. More than 80% of his predictions have already come true. It is not that other 20% have not come true. Only their timing differs. They are yet to come true in the future. He helps many organizations to look into the future of their products. Whether the products will kick-off? How long they will sustain? And when will they die? This is his skill and ability.

Intel is one organization which is continuously killing its own existing products to stay ahead of competition. This is how it keeps its leadership position. According to the Moore’s Law, every six months the power of the processor should double and the cost of the processor should be halved. This is at the heart of Intel’s Product Development. And this is how Intel is continuously evolving.


There are seven elements that go in making any business organization. And these are: People, Products, Processes, Promotions, Productivity, Performance, and Profits. And all these seven are interconnected and interdependent. And all these should continuously evolve to make an organization a vibrant entity on the planet earth. And the same is true for any organization - Business, Political, Social and Spiritual. And according to one prediction, in the next 45 years approximately 40% of the existing Fortune 500 companies will cease to exist. This is a brief post on the application of the Principles of Trinity in a Business Organization.

Everything in the whole existence is eating itself. And everything is getting evolved and transformed. In order to keep moving and evolving our higher thoughts should eat our lower thoughts. The lower energies should make way to the higher energies. A lower being should evolve into a higher being. This is part of a natural selection, mutation and evolution. I always naturally select to be a higher being. This is our wish and this is our will. And this is our choice. There is no conflict in evolution and enlightenment. We are continuously evolving to be embraced by the Supreme Consciousness

Peter McArthur says that every successful enterprise requires three men - a businessman, a dreamer, and a son-of-a-bitch. To me, this could be version one. And every successful enterprise can also have three men - Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva. This is version infinity. Just think of the possibility of scaling-up of an enterprise to this level. We can not even imagine how these three guys must be managing the Cosmic Organization.      

Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva - The Trinity


The ancient Indian way or Hindu way of depicting life in its totality is through these three metaphors or symbols. This is a trinity of life. Life is a mystery and it can not be reduced into a knowledge. It can not be reduced into a knowledge means one can not write a book on life and give it to somebody for a reading. Life is more like swimming and cycling. Each individual has to jump into an ocean of life and learn the art of swimming. One can get drowned. This is okay. One has to take a risk. By the way who stops us from being careful and cautious. One can then swim through and float and enjoy life. One has to peddle the cycle on his own. Some other person can not peddle for me. There can not be a proxy for me in life. Somebody can peddle for me while teaching me. My Pa, Mom, Brother, Sister, Friend, Teacher, Guru can peddle for a small distance but only to teach me the art of cycling. And once I learn, I can grow in that art. Nobody can have a mastery over life. This is impossible. Anybody who claims that he has a Mastery over life and he can give the Art of Living has come to a dead-end. And it seems there is no further growth in his life. Keeping these things in mind the ancient Hindus have used symbols and metaphors to depict the whole mystery of life. They used a Trinity of Gods to depict the whole mystery of life.

Brahma is a beginning. It is a beginning of beginning. It is a beginningless beginning. The Hindus call it Anadi. It simply means nobody knows. We have many explanations and without any proof and conclusion. And there can not be any proof or conclusion. And we can have many explanations. And all these explanations are just partial or fragmentary knowledge of the whole reality. And they can not give much insight into the reality of everything. The Hindus also have their own theories of life and the life span of Brahma. The modern scientists say that the universe is some 14.82 billions of years old (this is latest and keeps on changing). And this depends on the definition of the universe. If we believe in the Big Bang theory then the definition of the universe is “all that is”. And if we believe into the String Theory then this theory will transport us in a hyperspace of 11 universes. And the Big Bang could be because of the collision of any of the two or many universes or a coalescing of any of the two or many universes. And the moment we step into the String Theory, the definition of the universe will go for a change and “all that is” in the context of a Big Bang is different from “all that is” in the context of the String Theory. And the definition of the beginning will also undergo change and probably the age of that universe - one according to the String Theory, will also go for a change. And probably for this reason and many other reasons the Hindus have said that the universe means all that was, all that is, and all that will be. And the reckoning of a beginning, middle, and an end is just for the heck. They called the existence as Anadi and Ananta (One that is beginningless and endless).

If you wish to know the results of your company then you have to divide the span into years, months, days, etc. And we all know that the history has taken note of it that the emperors have become beggars and the beggars have also become emperors. If Heisenberg’s theory of uncertainty is at the heart of everything then Krishna’s theory of Nishkam Karma Yoga (Renunciation of the Fruits of Action) is also at the heart of everything. These theories have stood the test of times.

Brahma is that beginning. It is something that has come into creation out of nothing. Nothing has caused it. It is just a nature of nothingness that something may come out of it because the same nothingness is embracing it. It is just like a flower or a fruit which is holding many potential seeds. Nothingness is that ever flowered flower or ever ripened fruit. Brahma means beginning of life. It is just like how a child slips out of a mother’s womb. If the Mom is not ready a stupid doctor can not do anything. He may just tear the womb. And we have to probe this. This could just be a money minting device.

Brahma means love of life. He breathes life into everything that comes into existence. He breathes life into the existence itself. If you don’t love life it can not move further, it can not grow. Therefore, this is in the nature of a mother that she loves the new born one more than anything else. And hence she nourishes the newborn life. The child then grows and becomes independent Every mother thinks that her newborn child is like Krishna. This is obvious. Then only she can take care of the child. The first symbol is, therefore, the love of life or the beginning of life.

The second symbol is Vishnu. It is the sustenance of life or endurance of life. He is a growth curve of life. The beginning stage to the growth stage. The growth has to be sustained by something. And Vishnu is a symbol for this sustenance. The scientists are trying how long this life can be. They are saying that the human being can live for some 300 years. Recently they have said that very soon they will come with ways and means to stay healthy for at least 100 years. You will be surprised to know that some animals are not dying and they are only growing. I heard that some animals like turtles and alligators are in fact not dying and they are growing. Their cells are growing and their cells are not dying. They may die out of an accident or a disease. Their cells are not dying and they are growing. And the only cells that do not die in a human being are the cancer cells. The ageing process of the human beings and that of the above animals is totally different. The scientists are saying that they have yet not understood the ageing process of the human beings otherwise they can do miracles. Hopefully many more mysteries are hidden in the future - good or bad, we have no idea. Vishnu, therefore, is a metaphor or symbol for sustenance or endurance of life. We can also say him a Life of Love. And from the “Love of Life” we have moved to the “Life of Love”.

The third symbol or metaphor is that of Shiva. Anything that has come to be has to cease to be. This is into the nature of things. A small candle of light when all the fuel is burnt out will cease to exist. Are you worried? Please do not worry. Brahma will take care of another new candle of light. Shiva is an end of something. He is the end of play that has begun in the past. He is the end of a beginning. He is the end of the sustenance. He is the end of that endurance. He can also be termed as the beginning of a new inning. You must be feeling that the word “end” is looking negative. You may say that the words “beginning” and “sustenance” look positive and the word “end” looks negative. Then no problem. We can make a small change. Let us call it “transformation”. You are right !! In fact, there is nothing called an end. In an eternity, how there can be a beginning and an end. In a timelessness how the time can be an absolute. According to Albert Einstein, the space and time are relative. I am just an ordinary human being and trying to be a better human being. But if you think that you are an Avatara then you can say that you will come in some other Avatar in the future. You can say that you are a Tirthankara and shall come into life in some other form of a Tirthankara. I also suggest that you should meet a psychologist and a neurologist. Because this could be a neurological condition. Who knows? Because more than 80% of the diseases are psychosomatic. Have you not heard the utterances of Krishna in the Bhagavad Geeta? He is again going to come. But when, nobody knows. And in what form, nobody can predict. And in which place, nobody can indicate. And if he comes, how will we reckon? Because, we have already reduced him to be a superhuman and we have imported him into mythology. And who knows, he may come in the era of technological singularity as a cyborg and with an artificial consciousness. This state we can reckon because he will be more than the mythological Krishna. He will be even much more powerful than the mythological Krishna. And he can utter the same Geeta much easily because it is just a question of a few byte codes embedded into the artificial consciousness.

Shiva is, therefore, a transformation of everything. He is a love of death. These are the three symbols - Love of Life (Brahma), Life of Love (Vishnu), and Love of Death (Shiva). Shiva is a God of Dance too. He is a symbol not only for the celebration of life but also for the celebration of death. Through his dance he is saying that there is nothing that really dies. Everything is immortal and eternal. That is what the scientists are saying that not even an electron can be destroyed. Even if you destroy the electron where will it fall. There is nothing outside the existence. Matter is energy and energy is matter. Everything just gets transformed from one form of energy to another form of energy.


There is only one thing that is formless, and that is the Supreme Consciousness. It is not an object and it is the subject itself. It is neither matter nor the spirit. It is beyond the duality of everything in the existence. The human being is a different form of energy. All energies - mechanical, kinetic, electrical, chemical, electromagnetic, thermal, nuclear, etc., are all objective in nature and hence they can be measured and quantified. The Supreme Consciousness is neither a matter nor an energy and hence can not be measured or quantified. And each and every human being is a reflection of this Supreme Consciousness. And it is only the human being who is capable of experiencing this Supreme Consciousness. This is that Trinity and this is that Tatva that applies to everything in the existence. Everything that comes into creation follows this Trinity. And the whole creation itself is this Trinity. It is also called a Swayambhu, that is, it is a self-creating, self-sustaining, and self-transforming mechanism or entity. Let us welcome these three Gods into our lives.