A Mathematical Expression of Enlightened Leadership


I was just wondering if Enlightened Leadership can really be expressed by way of a mathematical expression. An object is a subset of a subject. There is no reason why it can not be expressed. There has to be a way to express it mathematically. The whole objective reality can be expressed mathematically. I really do not find a problem anywhere. 

There are two dimensions to the existence. One is a horizontal dimension that exists in time. The whole of history, Itihasas, and the Puranas are part of it. And all these are full of symbolic and non-symbolic expressions. The other is a vertical dimension which does not exist in time. No matter we do what, this can never be expressed in terms of mathematics. This can be expressed only by way of metaphors. The Vedas and Upanishads are expressions of this timeless dimension. 

It is utterly wrong to say that the door of the divine does not exist for a person who thinks in terms of mathematics. No, existence does not behave it that way. There has to be a door to each person in the existence. Each person has his own way to the divine. Therefore, a mathematical person should also have his own way. Krishna talks of Karma Yoga, Jnana Yoga, and Bhakti Yoga in the Bhagavad Geeta. In the same way there has to be a way to the divine for the lovers of mathematics. 

Numbers to Nirvana, there must be a way. Pythagoras, in ancient Greece, reaches to that goal through mathematics. Aryabhatta 2, in ancient India, reaches to that goal through mathematics. There has to be a way. 

The modern science has reached to a very interesting stage today. In the classical physics, a physicist and a mathematician were needed to explain the reality. And today, as we have entered into a quantum world and trying to peep beyond a new thing has emerged. The physicist and the mathematician have found their own different ways to explain the reality. They are saying that they can explain the reality in their own unique individual ways. And there is no need to explain the reality by them jointly. Today they think that each one can say the reality separately and independently.

Keeping this aspect in mind, I am trying to give a mathematical expression to Enlightened Leadership. The formula for the same can be given in the following way: 


Enlightened Leadership is a function of two components {f(E, L)}, Enlightenment and Leadership. Enlightenment is a domain of Enlightened Consciousness. It is a domain of higher consciousness and higher awareness. It starts in time ends in no time. It is on a vertical plane. It moves on the vertical dimension. The second component is that of Leadership. It is part of an outward action. It is being part of the outer world. It is participating in the world of actions. It works on the horizontal plane. It belongs to the horizontal dimension. And, therefore, it is part of the history, Itihasa, and Purana. This belongs to the world of time. And we all know that the history has taken note of many great leaders. And there is always a possibility of a great leadership in time. 

It appears to us that all that has happened in the history has happened in time. And there is some proof to this. And all that has not happened in time appears that it is part of the world of mythology and myth. It appears to us that it has not happened actually. And there is no proof to prove that.

This function of Enlightened Leadership, {f(E,L)}, has the limitations of time from zero (0) to infinity (∞). All our actions should move from the time to the timeless. The time is both objective and subjective. It is not absolute, as it was being thought by Newton. After Albert Einstein the time is relative. It is objective and subjective. When we are happy the same time appears passing off very quickly. And when we are sad the same time appears not passing off very quickly. It gives us the experience of a relative perspective. And this time is not objective and it is rather subjective.

The Enlightened Leadership is for the Now. It is not of the Then. It is in the moment. It is part of the present. It is here and now. It is not there and then. If zero is for the past, then infinity is for the future. And the truth or reality is in the present. It is in the moment. It is now. If the past is responsible for the present, then with the same analogy the present will also be responsible for the future. And when the future arrives, it truly arrives as the present. We can just refer to the past as a reference, and bring all our actions to the present, and make the future as a by-product of the present. Enlightened Leadership has to work in the Now to be more effective and sustainable. 

In the ancient knowledge of the East there were two terms - Shunya and Ananta. And these were not objective. They were subjective. And mathematics was not yet born. These two concepts were like the present concepts of mathematics, that is, zero and infinity. In mathematics, the credit for creating zero number (smallest positive number possible) goes to the East. Aryabhatta 2 struggled very hard to bring this number and notation in mathematics. Though we had this concept called Ananta, we were not able to introduce a mathematical notation or number for a big number. And the credit for this goes to the West. It was John Wallis who first used the notation for infinity. This is how the world of mathematics has come within these two concepts zero and infinity. In mathematics zero stands for the smallest positive number and infinity stands for the largest positive number. And in between these two lies the world of mathematics and numbers. The initial terms that we used in the scriptures - Shunya and Ananta, did not mean zero and infinity in mathematical terms. They simply meant something so small that we can not even think of and something so big that we can not even think of. They were part of the timeless dimension. They were part of the no-mind state. They were part of the transcendental. And they both meant the same thing. And Enlightenment could be possible in both the ways. The concept of Shunya was for the people who were introvert by nature. And the concept of Ananta was for the people who were extrovert by nature. The introvert expresses the truth in an absolute way of the “No”. And an extrovert expresses the truth in an absolute way of the “Yes”. And let me tell you that they both are right in their own way and the only thing is that their expressions are different. Let us take an example. Buddha expresses the ultimate truth in the way of an absolute non-existence. His emphasis is on the “No”. And Krishna expresses the ultimate truth in the way of an absolute existence. And his emphasis is on the “Yes”. In their expressions there is an experience of unification and oneness. There is no duality. There is absolute singularity. And all their expressions are that of Ekam, Advitium. All components of the existence are part of the Supreme Consciousness. They all have emerged from it, and they all eventually merge and become one with it. And Enlightened Consciousness is an experience of this oneness.

“Yoga can’t be Copyrighted”, rules the US Court. Is Yoga a Copyright or a Birthright? A Guru can’t be a Copy-Cat !!


The ancient yoga is known as Ashtanga Yoga. Yoga can not be Hot or Cold. Yoga is warm. It makes you warm. It makes you a warm person. It brings in a quality. Only extremists go from one extreme to the other. A Tyagi is a masochist. He starves the body. He contorts the body. And a Bhogi is a sadist. He indulges with the body. He harms the body through indulgence. Yogis stay in the middle. Yogis stay centered. Yogis stay composed. Yogis stay united. You can not create Yoga. No, this is not possible. You can only be a Yogi. This is the only possibility. This is the only reality. Yoga can not be this or that. It can not be this yoga or that yoga. Vikram Yoga or Betal Yoga. Hot Yoga or Cold Yoga. Love Yoga or Laya Yoga. Power Yoga or Prayer Yoga. All these can be just names. A name is okay. We all have different names. All Yogis have different names. All different flowers in a garden have different names. All these flowers know only one thing inherently, and that is the art of flowering. The same is true with a Yogi. He knows the art of being one with the divine. He starts with the Body and culminates in Being. All these names can not have a different significance. Every Yogi may have a different name but he has to only teach the secrets of Ashtanga Yoga. No matter you do what, if you are not a true yogi, you can only be counted among the monkeys - only jumping from one posture to another. 

Yoga essentially means an union with the divine. This is where Ashtanga Yoga has a significance. It is a method and a process that moves all our energies hidden in the body through the eight different limbs or parts or stages or steps. Yoga is everybody’s birthright and it can not be anybody’s copyright. Through the process of Ashtanga Yoga it moves an individual being to a cosmic being.

An individual being is like a drop and the cosmic being is like an ocean. And when the drop merges and becomes one with the ocean, what remains behind is only the ocean. This is that merger. This is that union. This is that singularity. And this gives the experience of oneness. The individual is not separate from the divine. The drop is not separate from the ocean. An electron is not separate from an atom. The atom is not separate from the cosmos. A string is not separate from the Supreme Consciousness. The existence is not separate from the non-existence. Something is not separate from Nothing. It has emerged from it. Everything is interconnected and unbounded. It is only the prism of the mind that creates this division and separation. It is only the perception of the mind that gives rise to this duality. The Supreme Consciousness is non-dual. It is Ekam, Advitium. It is non-dual. It does not mean a numeric one. The moment we bring in a numeric one, there is then a possibility for two, three, etc. And this can go on and on to infinity. Ekam, Advitium simply means now it is non-dual. Now, there is no scope for any duality. We can neither make it or break it. Yoga is, therefore, an existential experience of this union. 

What is the significance of Ashtanga Yoga? The significance of Ashtanga Yoga is that it divides the whole journey of this union into eight limbs or parts or stages or steps. The whole process of the body is divided into eight stages. And these eight Angas are - Yama, Niyama, Asana, Pranayama, Pratyahara, Dharana, Dhyana, and Samadhi. Samadhi is the end of the journey. Now you are convinced of the union. It is not that your teacher has convinced you of the union. No, it is your own existential experience which is the test of the union. Nothing succeeds like success, they say. Right? Otherwise success just sucks!!


What does a blacksmith does when he has to bend an iron rod? He heats it up. When it becomes red and hot, it becomes easy for him to bend it in a form he wants. The same is done by a goldsmith with the raw gold when he has to make gold ornaments. So, heating a room of Yoga to some degrees sweats out the body and brings in some more flexibility. Except this there is no other value. This is okay with bending and twisting the bodies. What about bending the mind? What about bending various perceptions and conceptions of the mind? How will you bend various individual Dharanas? Heating up of the environment is of no help. And Yoga is a holistic science. It is for the whole being and not just for the body. It definitely begins with the body. There is no doubt about this. And body is only a beginning. We have to begin with the Body and evolve into the Being. Yoga is a method to move from a posture to a composure. Ashtanga Yoga is a method to move from Yama to Samayama.

Art of Surfing on the Thought Waves of the Ocean of the Mind


An ocean is really a unique phenomenon. You may approach the ocean from any side and the other side is not visible. We can only see the horizon. From whichever side you approach, the other side is visible only as a horizon. This is the uniqueness of the ocean. The only option we then have is to jump in or dive in. This is the only option. And then anything can happen. One can get drowned or swim through or float in the ocean. This is the probability. These are the possibilities. In an uncertainty there are many possibilities.

Have you seen the surfers in an ocean? The surfers are very extraordinary people. They have the knack of surfing on the waves of the ocean. They play with the waves. They never get drowned. They always float and surf over the waves. This is the art they master over the years.

The mind is also like an ocean. And the thoughts are like the waves in that ocean. And meditation is more like the art of surfing on these waves of thoughts. When the thought waves are negative there is lot of turbulence in the ocean. The ocean of the mind becomes chaotic. The meditator requires more energy. And the throughput is less. He has to work hard. He has to struggle more. The challenges are more. The ocean of the mind is more windy. And when the thought waves are positive the meditator is not required to work hard. The ocean of the mind is less turbulent and less chaotic. And surfing on these positive thought waves requires less energies. The secret is the same. It is doing more with less. The energy required is less and the throughput is more. We can do more with positive thought waves. And we do less with negative thought waves. And we can do even more when the ocean of the mind is silent. A silent mind is a blissful mind, and it can do even more. In a silent ocean of the mind the waves of thoughts have disappeared. The thought waves have become one with the ocean. The ocean of the mind has attained to stillness and tranquility. There is absolutely no turbulence in the ocean. The throughput and the work done by the blissful mind is even far greater. These are the three situations - negative mind, positive mind, and blissful mind.

It is said by the psychologists and neurologists that the normal human beings use only 7% of their mind. A person like Albert Einstein uses some 13% of his mind. And a person like Buddha uses 100% of the mind. The key is who is the master and who is the servant, and who uses whom. The mind uses you or you use the mind. The surfer uses the surfing board. The surfing board does not use the surfer. And this is the key to surf on the waves of the ocean. Meditation is more like surfing in the ocean. The surfing board is like a meditation tool. This allows us to surf on the thought waves in all the three situations. When we use the mind, we become the Master. And when the mind uses us, the mind becomes the Master. Buddha is only a Master of his own mind. He is a great surfer in the ocean of his own mind. He has the Mastery to share the secrets of this surfing on the thought waves of the ocean of one’s own mind.

The thought waves in the mind create three dimensions of the mind. A thought is like an object in the space of a mind. And this thought object has three dimensions. When the thought objects move in the past, it is one dimension. It is the dimension of memory. It has already happened. The past has already happened. It is only available as a reference. At the most we can have a reference and can draw an inference for the present and the future. This dimension is called the Rajas. In the same way the thought waves can also move into the future. This is the dimension of imagination. This is the second dimension. This dimension is called the Rajas. This is a dimension of imagination. We can imagine anything. There are no limits to our imagination. And all imagination is in the future. This future has yet not happened. It is yet to happen. Rajasa is the length of the thought object, and Tamas is the width of the thought object. If Rajas is X-Axis then Tamas is Y-Axis. Tamas can also mean inertia. It can also mean backward action. It can also mean a negative action. It can mean a reactive action. It can mean a response. Rajas means motion. It can also mean an acceleration. It can mean looking into the future. It can mean a forward action. It can mean a positive action. It can mean a proactive action. If Tamas is inaction then Rajas is action. If Tamas is inertia then Rajas means motion. If Tamas is motion then Rajas means acceleration. This is how these two dimensions have to be understood. There is also a third dimension of this thought object. It is the height and depth of the thought object. It is on the Z-Axis. It is always in the middle of the two. No matter where the two dimensions are, the third dimension is exactly in the middle. This is the symmetry. It is always in the center of the two. If the Tamas and Rajas are on the circumference of the circle then Satva is the center of that circle. Satva is like a golden mean of the two. This third dimension is called the Satva. This is the third dimension of the thought object. If Tamas means inaction and Rajas means action then Satva means stillness. It is an equilibrium or a balance of both. If Tams means motion and Rajas means acceleration then Satva means dynamic equilibrium. If Tams means past and Rajas means future, then Satva means the present. If Tamas means Non-Doing and Rajas means Doing then Satva means Being. If Tamas and Rajas are becoming then Satva is being. These three dimensions of the thought object create a mind universe. The fourth dimension is the space and time of the mind universe. Therefore, the mind universe is a space-time object of thoughts. When the thoughts move in the past, in the memory then the mind moves in the past. And the mind moves in the state of the Tamas. And when the thoughts move in the future, in the imagination then the mind moves in the future. And the mind moves in the state of the Rajas. And when the thoughts move in the present the mind attains to stillness and tranquility. In the present the mind attains to the state of stillness and tranquility. And this how the mind moves in the state of Satva. And all these three dimensions of the thought object give the mind all the perspectives of time. According to Albert Einstein the space and time are relative. They are there only in relation to each other. They are not absolute. None is absolute, neither space nor time. A moving object is time. A moving time is space. If there is no object, then there is no space and no time. This is the state of nothingness. There are no thought objects in nothingness. There is no matter of the mind in nothingness. The mind is there because of the matter of thought objects. In nothingness there is timelessness or eternity. In a state of Dukkha (in a state of trauma or unhappiness) the time does not pass quickly. It appears that the time passes slowly. And in a state of Sukha (in a state of pleasure or happiness) the time passes quickly. It appears that the time passes very fast. In a state of Tamas the time passes very slowly. In a state of Rajas the same times passes very quickly. And in a state of Satva the same time becomes eternity. It appears as if there is no time. And we desire more and more such times or moments. And such time is available only in the present. The present gives us the experience of timelessness. It is such a blissful state. And we all are eagerly awaiting for such states. And such states give us a feeling of transcending our minds. It appears as if we have been transported into a new world which has no borders. We enter into a space which is unbounded. This is the state of a Being. This is that blissful state. It requires very less energy to do more. It requires almost no energy to do more. And in this state we always do more with less. Less ego and more Energy. Less Energy and more Enlightenment. Less money and more business. Less input and more output. Less work and more productivity. Less capital and more enterprising. These are the applications of this art. The art of meditation and mindfulness has lot of applications. This is really a wonderful art. All doing becomes a play. It becomes a leela. There is no doer and there is no doing, and there is only a pure being. And this is not a memory, and this is not an imagination. This is real. This is experiential. And this is existential.

In the Hindu Mythology, Brahma is depicted with four heads. Brahma represents the whole creation. And his four heads represent the four dimensions of the creation. Brahma represents a four-dimensional universe. Brahma also means our mind universe. The mind has to be ever expanding and ever evolving. Our mind universe has to continuously evolve to transform and transcend.

In the physical world of matter, the matter and energy are inter-convertible. Matter can be converted into energy and energy can be converted into matter. And one form of energy can be converted into another form of energy. And this is experimental and physical. The energy can be measured and quantified. And Albert Einstein’s theory of objective reality (E equals MC Square, E = MC^2) is of immense help. But at the center of a black hole this theory dies and it gives us no clue as to what may be happening in a black hole. Michio Kaku is a great scientists. He is also a string theorist. He tries to apply the above equation of Albert Einstein to a black hole. And when he solves the equation, he gets a series of zeros and infinities. And he thinks that there is a fundamental flaw in Albert Einstein’s theory of objective reality.

The existence is not only an object but also a subject. There are many objects and also a subject. The object and subject are separated by the mind. The prism of the mind divides the object and the subject. The object and the subject are not two different things. Therefore, in existence there is a objective reality and a subjective reality. There is an objective relativity and a subjective relativity. The mind universe is made of thought objects. And only a subjective theory of relativity can help to transform and transcend this mind universe.

In a subjective theory of relativity the Thought Energy and Consciousness are also inter-convertible. And Consciousness is neither a matter nor an energy. And hence it can not be measured and quantified. It is not experimental. It is experiential and existential. And I am giving an equation of the subjective theory of relativity. And this equation is represented by C equals EM Square, C=EM^2. Where C means Consciousness, E means Thought Energy, and M means a constant of Meditation or Mindfulness. The art of Meditation or Mindfulness has the power to transform the Thought Energy into Consciousness. And this is not a memory. This is not an imagination. This is not experimental. This is experiential. This is existential. This is not in the past. This is not in the future. This is in the present. And this is just now. It is here and now.   

‘Book Review’ of a Book Called “Valmiki Ramayana”


We all know that the epic Ramayana was written by Valmiki. Almost everybody agrees that the credit for the first version of this epic goes to him. He was considered as one of the foremost writers and poets. He was not a writer from birth. He also did not belong to a family of writers. In fact he was a highway robber and killer and his real name was Ratnakar. His profession was to rob and kill people and earn his livelihood. He was taking care of himself and his family out of the earnings of robbery and killing.

One day a strange thing happened in his life. He came across sage Narada and wanted to rob him and kill him. Narada said that it is okay with him but Ratnakar must answer few questions before he could kill him. Narada tells him, “all this that you are doing amounts to bad actions and bad karma. And it has its own consequences. It is true that you are taking care of your family by the earnings of all this bad karma but how confident you are that your family members also equally share the consequences of your bad actions and bad karmas.” To this Ratnakar says, “yes. I am absolutely sure and certain that they all equally share my actions and the consequences of my actions. He affirms that his family is an equal partner to all his actions.” Narada does not agree to this and tells Ratnakar to go and ask his family and take a word from them. He goes to his family and asks them. They all deny and resent sharing the consequences of all his actions. He feels disgusted and disdained on hearing all this from his family and comes back and shares the whole thing with Narada. Now he had no other option but to repent for all this. He requests Narada to show him a way. Narada gives him a Mantra. Mantra is a method or a tool that transforms our mind and consciousness. Mantra is a Sanskrit word and is made of two words - Man and Tra. Man means the mind and Tra means to transform and transcend. Narada tells him to chant the word “Rama”. Ratnakar was uneducated and he could not even pronounce the word properly and he pronounces it as “Mara”. Since he was a robber and a killer the only word he could pronounce so well was “Mara”. It can also mean to beat or kill. The alphabets in “Mara” and “Rama” are the same but their meanings are totally different. Narada was a perfect sage. He knew the secret. He tells him to chant and repeat this word “Mara”. You will be surprised to know that when you repeat the word “Mara” for long it will get pronounced as “Rama”. If you don’t believe me, please just try yourself.

He followed this Mantra and eventually transformed himself. It is same like how a raw gold is transformed into a 24 carat gold. It is same like how a seed is transforms into a flower and a fruit. It is same like how a caterpillar is transformed into a fluttering beautiful butterfly. The method and process of transformation is same. And then he became a renowned poet and a writer. And later on he was counted among the sages. He writes the epic Ramayana and becomes the first person to write the first version of the great book. Later on after him, many versions of Ramayana have arrived from many other writers.

This is the value of education. The willingness to learn should come from within. This is very important. And through this process even a robber may transform into a sage. A father may send his son or daughter to Harvard or Oxford and if he or she has no willingness to learn then this learning and education is of no use. On the other hand, Ravana was a great king and a great scholar. He had knowledge of all the scriptures. He also had great boons from the Gods. And just see what happened eventually. He remained a Rakshasa (a demon). Anything can happen in life. Life is really a great mystery. The emotions, thoughts and actions are very powerful people. And what is really important is in which direction they are moving. The direction determines the destiny and destination.

You will be surprised to know the meaning of the word Valmiki. It is a Sanskrit word made of two words - Val and Miki. Val means an ant and Miki means a hill. Valmiki, therefore, means an anthill. It is said that he studied and did penance for months and years and he had no idea as to what was happening around him. Well the story says that an anthill grew around him. This was his devotion towards learning, education, knowledge and wisdom. This is how eventually Ratnakar, a highway robber came to be known as Valmiki, a great writer, poet and a sage.

He then wanted to show this epic Ramayana to Narada. His wish was that Narada should review his first book. He meets and requests Narada to read and review his work. Narada says to Valmiki, “I have seen your work and indeed it is a great work. And I am not a right person to judge your work. I heard that Hanuman also had written a Ramayana. And I heard that his work is that of a genius. I suggest you meet him and show your work to him. And let him review your work.”

Valmiki visits Hanuman with his epic Ramayana. Hanuman shows his Ramayana to Valmiki. Valmiki sees the work very patiently. It was written on the palm-leaves. Valmiki is surprised to see the work of Hanuman. There was no comparison really. The work of Hanuman was really far greater than that of Valmiki’s. Valmiki says to Hanuman, “your work is so great that after reading your epic Ramayana nobody will read mine. Everybody will then remember you only and nobody will remember me and my work.” Seeing this behaviour of Valmiki, Hanuman picks up all the palm-leaves of his Ramayana and chews all the leaves and gulps them. This is how he destroys the first version of the epic Ramayana and tells Valmiki to go ahead with his work and not to worry any more. And while departing Valmiki wanted to know the secret of Hanuman’s great work. Hanuman says to Valmiki, “I have written the Ramayana so that people would know Rama and his deeds, and remember him, emulate him and imbibe him. Whereas you have written your Ramayana so that people will remember you forever as a great writer. This is the only difference. And if you wish you can call it a secret. And that is your word and I have nothing to do with it. And what is most important to me is my devotion towards Rama. You please do not worry. You go ahead with your work. I assure you that the whole world will admire your work and your epic will be considered by the world as a first version.”

This was really a great insight and a great learning to Valmiki. He thanked Hanuman for all this and parted his way.

This is the difference between a disciple and a devotee. Between a disciple and God there is a Guru who is standing in between. And the disciple has to cross the barrier. And between a devotee and God there is nobody standing in between. The devotee and God are almost closer to each other, the dividing line is very thin and it can get dissolved in any moment.

I think this is the reason why the scriptures are divided into Smritis and Srutis. Smritis are the work of remembering. They are not very authentic. They could be the collections of the disciples from the sayings of their Masters. Only the Master knows what he means by what he says. The disciple could say this only as part of his intellectual understanding. The Smritis mention the name of their authors. The Srutis on the other hand are revealed scriptures. They are directly coming from the Masters. They are more authentic and existential. They are not part of the memory. And the Srutis do not mention the name of their authors. They remain anonymous. Almost all of the Upanishads do not mention their authors. Generally, all great works - paintings, sculptures, and scriptures, do not give the name of their creators. These greatest ones are always known as anonymous. Is this the same reason why God is called the true creator? I think for the same reason God also remains anonymous. And we are ever searching for God within and without.